MEXICO CITY (AP) — Beneath stress from the United States to minimize migration, the Mexican govt diverted money from a fund intended to spur regional pattern to as an different renovate immigration detention centers and bus migrants a ways off from the U.S.-Mexico border.
Based totally on records received by The Associated Press via public records requests, the administration of President Andrés Manuel López Obrador designated more than $4 million from the Mexico Fund most engaging yr to immigration containment purposes.
In late Would possibly perchance well 2019, President Donald Trump threatened devastating tariffs on all Mexican imports unless Mexico acted to dangle the float of migrants crossing its territory. Infected negotiations produced an agreement that averted the disaster. Mexico deployed its newly created National Guard to intercept migrants and agreed to develop a program that allowed the U.S. to make asylum seekers from different countries wait in Mexico whereas their cases had been processed in U.S. courts.
Disregarded on the time became an adjustment the Mexican govt made in June 2019 to its Mexico Fund, which supported pattern initiatives in Central The usa and the Caribbean. In a decree, the govt. stated the fund “required a new vision that enables for better spend of sources” and that it will in all probability presumably well presumably now additionally be feeble for the “registration, control and tracking” of immigration flows and equipping detention centers.
The AP requested observation from the Foreign Affairs ministry about altering the objectives of the fund identified officially as the Infrastructure Fund for Mesoamerican and Caribbean Nations and whether it became done under stress from the U.S. govt. The ministry answered handiest by itemizing enhancements made to immigration detention centers.
Tonatiuh Guillén, who resigned as head of Mexico’s immigration agency per week after the agreement with the U.S., stated the diversion of the improvement funds became a “dramatic turnaround” from the fund’s mission and illustrates what took reveal most engaging yr: “a recomposition of the immigration vision utterly oriented in the direction of containment that leaves us with out tools and sources to compose pattern solutions, which had been the govt.’s aim.”
President Andrés Manuel López Obrador had campaigned on a particular, more humanitarian device to immigration. Mexico would give a build to countries in Central The usa’s Northern Triangle that had been the fundamental senders of migrants with the aim of making migration an probability, no longer a necessity. Genuine via the important thing three months of his presidency Mexico issued 15,000 humanitarian visas to Central Americans touring in caravans.
López Obrador has maintained the equal language and launched some pattern programs in Central The usa, but govt actions changed after Trump’s tariff menace. Guardsmen swept hundreds of migrants off Mexican highways. Guillén became changed by Mexico’s prisons director. Deportations increased. And border cities, already tormented by cartel violence, stuffed with some 60,000 asylum seekers returned by the U.S. to wait out a process that lasts months and barely years.
Many asylum seekers had been assaulted, kidnapped and extorted. Some, touring with teens, made up our minds to renounce.
The Foreign Affairs ministry provided paperwork detailing that in July 2019, the Mexican Worldwide Cooperation Agency for Pattern sent some $3.3 million from the fund (on the change rate then) to detention centers and in September 2019 more than $700,000 went to transporting asylum seekers south.
The Mexican govt has no longer stated how many of those migrants had been bused south a ways off from the border, however the Foreign Affairs ministry stated months ago that more than half of of those waiting had made up our minds voluntarily to device to their countries.
“They’re appealing people to self-deport” with out the compulsory records and with out explaining the repercussions it will in all probability presumably well presumably dangle on their asylum cases, stated Maureen Meyer, vp and Mexico director for the advocacy organization Washington Say of job on Latin The usa.
“The truth that the Mexican govt diverted funding designated to tackle the commercial push components using migration to the U.S. in prefer of transferring asylum-seekers a ways off from Mexico’s northern to southern border, and to enhance stipulations in Mexico’s detention centers, is a definite signal of how the López Obrador administration has shifted its migration priorities per the demands of the Trump administration.”
This scheme sending asylum seekers support to wait in Mexico stalled this March when the U.S. successfully suspended its asylum process on the southern border consequently of the COVID-19 pandemic. On the other hand, the U.S. govt persevered sending migrants who had crossed illegally support to Mexico.
In April, the Mexican govt tapped the fund all over again for more than $700,000 for “flooring transport, free and voluntary, of people in the nationwide territory,” merely about the equal amount as 2019. The AP confirmed on the time that the Mexican govt became transferring migrants in buses from the northern border south to the border with Guatemala. Many had been left there with out a manner to continue since the pandemic had closed borders.
Since 2011, the Mexico Fund has disbursed merely about $150 million to 11 countries, most of that designated at some level of the two prior administrations for infrastructure initiatives in Central The usa.
Closing yr, López Obrador’s administration additionally designated more than $62 million from the Mexico Fund for extensions of two social programs to Honduras and El Salvador. It became no longer certain how great of that money had been disbursed.
Requested to observation on spend of the fund, Mexico’s Foreign Affairs ministry stated that “there’s no money left” and that in Would possibly perchance well, the govt. ordered an quit to the fund once its commitments are fulfilled, which would perchance presumably well presumably purchase years, as segment of López Obrador’s mission to salvage rid of such pots of cash that he sees possible targets of corruption.
Guillén, the ancient immigration agency director, stated, “It is a ways certain the original aim of this fund became distorted and it’s additionally certain that we don’t dangle ample records about the spending.”
AP creator E. Eduardo Castillo contributed to this document.